What causes labor disputes?
Labor disputes are when a disagreement arises between two parties in an organization, usually the employer and the employee. The dispute usually involves disagreements around benefits, pay, conditions of employment, organizational procedures, or hours worked.
Efraim Tankhil Law Firm provides various legal services to both Israeli and foreign clients and advises the clients on various issues related to labor law and other procedures. In our work, we continuously strive to meet the immediate needs of our clients on time. Our experienced lawyers supervise the acts of labor law and other documents.
If you have questions, our specialists will be happy to advise you on any controversial labor issues and help you navigate correctly in the current situation.
Types of Labor Disputes
- Interest disputes: These are disputes that arise from disagreements in interests, including pay, bonuses, vacation time, etc.
- Rights disputes: These conflicts arise out of labor standards, expectations, including fair wages, working conditions, and opportunities.
Over the last decades, there has been a significant increase in Israel’s migrant worker population, and a large proportion of migrant workers are often denied their fundamental rights and cheated by their employers.
- The employer promises to pay them on a monthly basis. Once these migrant workers have been hired, the promised pay structure occurs to be once per year.
- When migrant workers plan to go home with their salary and their employers disappear before paying the salary. Most of the time, employers pay only part of the promised salary.
- Another reason for the escalation of labor disputes is the lack of education, financial resources, and the migrant worker’s knowledge of Israeli law.
- Particularly, the rural migrant workers often fill the most menial and lowest-paying jobs in urban labor markets and these occupations that expose them to a higher risk of work-related injury and illness. Some workers get benefits from social insurance programs, but most of the employees could not reach out.
- Minimum wage.
- Social benefits.
- Pension contributions.
- Grants, premiums, and various auxiliary rights.
- Employment during work/rest hours and overtime compensation.
- Recuperation pay and vacation days.
- Sick pay, travel expenses.
- Severance benefits, including notice and severance payments.
- Restriction of liberty of occupation, confidentiality.
- Sexual harassment in the workplace.
- Discrimination in employment.
- Foreign workers’ rights.
- Information monitoring in the workplace.